The road leading to Cavnic, starting from Baia Mare, follows the Sighetul Marmatiei road. There are special road signs placed in the main junctions that point to the SuperSki Cavnic slope.
Cavnic town is located between the peaks: Mogosa, Rotunda and Hika of Gutin mountains, on a very picturesque valley from which the Cavnic River gathers its waters.
The city is located in central Maramures County, 30 km away from Baia Mare and 40 km away from Sighetu Marmatiei. It is surrounded by 5 villages: Sisesti in the South-West, Ocna Sugatag in the North, Busdesti and Baiut in the North-West and Cernesti in the South.
Due to the mountainous region, summers in Cavnic are cool, average temperatures rarely surpass 30 degrees centigrade. On the other hand, winters are generally mild, but abundant in snow. The snow layer is usually about 1 meter thick and temperatures below -20 degrees centigrade are short-term exceptions.
Of the region’s 2359 hectares, 1458 are wooded. Spruce is predominant in the vast coniferous forests, pure beech or mixed with other deciduous can be found on less high peaks. The climate here does not allow farming, most of the land being occupied by natural pastures that require planning and treatment to improve the quality and quantity of the plant mass.
The largest exploitation of complex nonferrous minerals in Romania can be found in this village.
In Cavnic there are about 5495 inhabitants. The link to other towns is assured through DJ184 and DJ109F county roads:
- DJ184: Baia Sprie – Cavnic (20km)
- DJ109F: Sighetu Marmatiei – Cavnic (45km)
- DJ109F: Cavnic – Baiut (20km)
The distance from the European route: 30 km.
The distance from the national DN18 route: 20 km.
The nearest railway is in Baia Mare: 35 km.
The urban transportation is provided by URBIS S. A. Baia Mare and the interurban transportation by AZUR S. A. Baia Mare.
Cavnic is covered by the following mobile networks: GSM Connex, Orange and Zapp.
Land of wooden churches, glass religious paintings, has a unique and rich folklore and mythology. Maramures County is located in the North of Transylvania, in the North West of Romania, covering more than 3.300 squared km. Naturally protected on the South, East and West by majestic mountains and lazy meandering of the Tisa River in the North. This mythical and historical area remained almost untouched by the influences of the twentieth century. Direct descendants of the free Dacians, the “moroseni” knew how to preserve the customs and traditions intact over the centuries. Peasants still wear homespun clothes at work in the fields. During holidays, they wear traditionally colored embroidered clothes (white, red and black).
Romanians, Hungarians, Hebrews, Germans, Ukrainians, different nations and different religions have lived together and blessed these places forever, leaving behind signs of their existence. Generous nature, hospitable people, ancestral customs and traditions, historical monuments and unique sights are some of the arguments for a fantastic journey in Maramures.
Maramures is located in the very center of Europe; the continent’s geographical boundaries are equidistant from this land.
Location: in the North-West of Romania, on the border with Ukraine.
Neighbors: North – Ukraine, West – Satu Mare County, South – Salaj, Cluj and Bistrita Nasaud Counties East – Suceava County.
Area: 6. 304 square km (2.6 % of Romania).
Population: 535,000 inhabitants.
Towns: BAIA MARE, the county capital (with 150,000 inhabitants, at the foot of the Gutai Mountains, on Sasar River, with inexhaustible treasures of beauty, a truly unique universe) Baia Sprie , Borsa , Cavnic ; Seini , Sighet , Tg. Lapus , Viseu de Sus.
Relief: The terrain is predominantly mountainous, rough in general, heights ranging between 200 m (in hollows) and 2,300 m (on mountain peaks, about three quarters of the territory). It looks like a large natural amphitheater. Maramures hollow is entirely surrounded by mountains: on the South-West there are volcanic mountains: Oas, Gutai and Tibles; Maramures Mountains to the East and Rodna Mountains to the South-East (Pietrosu peak. 2.303 m), with sharp ridges and extend imposing steep and picturesque valleys. It includes parts of Transylvania: The Subcarpathians, Somes Plateau and the Western Hills.
Climate: differentiated depending various landforms as follows: continental temperate with winds from the South-West and South-East; water streams are crossing like a cobweb, from Tisa with its tributaries: Viseu (with Cisla, Vaser, Ruscova), Iza (Mara, Ieud Botiza), which cuts the hallow through a wide valley bordered by terraces, Somes in the South, with its tributaries Lapus and Barse, and mineral water springs : Borsa, Craciunesti, Breb, Botiza.